College NCAA

Lacrosse Rule Changes For EVERYONE!

Don't hate the game, or the Bro.
Don't hate the game, or the Bro.

So I guess this week is “lacrosse rule change” announcement and discussion week!!!  The NCAA is experimenting with new rules in some of the fall D1 scrimmages, and good ol’ Quint Kessenich is offering up his solutions to speeding up the game over on IL.  Both the NCAA press release and Quint’s think piece were good reads, and the lacrosse nerd in me was fascinated by some of the implications these potential rule changes could have down the line.  Let’s look at this a little deeper…

We’ll start with the NCAA changes since they’re actually going to be used.  We’ll get to Quint’s bright ideas a little later!

The NCAA will try out the following rules for the UMBC – Georgetown scrimmage this Saturday:

1) Horn substitutions only.  Nothing on the fly or non-horn out of bounds situations.

2) 20 seconds over half field to clear, 10 seconds to get into the box. Instead of 30 seconds to clear AND get it in the box.

3) When a team is given the stall warning, a 30 second shot clock begins.

4) Any violating player on a face off must leave the field, creating more 3 on 2 situations.

5) Defensive teams don’t have to start with the ball outside the box on the clear.  It is now a quick restart from the point of the foul.

I’ve always been a proponent of the idea to get rid of sideline horns, and leave everything else in.  So I am insanely interested to see how this plays out.  NO on the fly subs?  That means a middie playing D that creates a turnover HAS to play on offense, unless his coach calls a timeout and make a sub.  I don’t know that this will speed up the game, but it will trap offensive and defensive players on ends of the field they aren’t used to, and this will FORCE middies to be two-way players.  I definitely like that!  And how do you get an LSM off the field after a turnover?

The clearing times could be interesting to see, but it’s not a huge change really.  It just lets teams load their clears up on their defensive end and then dash for the box.  If anything, it actually gives riding teams the opportunity to form a trap between the midline and the box, and we all remember what the trap did for hockey… nothing good.  So I’m not sold on this change yet.  Maybe if they made it 10 seconds and 10 seconds instead of 20 and 10.  If they’re trying to create transition, I think a 10 and 10 would be worth a shot.

I like the concept of the shot clock starting upon the stall warning being given.  I don’t know that the rule is fully tweaked yet, or that 30 seconds is enough time, but you can be sure that teams will not want to be forced into a shot clock…and they DEFINITELY don’t want to face a 30 second shot clock.  This should force teams to press the cage more out of sheer necessity.  This is actually one of the more effective sounding changes to the stall warning that I have heard offered up.  The details are important though.  How is the count handled?  Are any further warnings given, like a 10 second call?

The face off rule sounds like a good one, but I’m not so sure it will come up all that often.  Plus the wording isn’t very clear.  I think it only applies to wing players, and they don’t cause that many violations.  And how long does the 3 on 2 last?  When CAN the infracting team bring a player back on?  This rule may need to be better defined and seen in practice to be judged.

Syracuse University's Jake Moulton flipping the ball out during a faceoff with Army's Sean Reppard.

Face offs are always under a lot of scrutiny

Photo courtesy

The last rule is simple, and I think it will be effective.  When an offensive teams turns the ball over because of a moving pick, etc, the defensive team can pick the ball up and just clear the ball.  They no longer have to take the ball outside the box to restart.  If d-mids are smart, as soon as a whistle is blown, they will fly up the field on the break.  This creates a huge opportunity for heads up play.  Love it.

For the UNC – OSU scrimmage on Sunday in Maryland, there will be a shot clock.  Yes, a shot clock.

In the first half, teams will be required to put a shot on cage within 60 seconds of gaining possession.  In the second half, the shot clock will be increased to 75 seconds after the gaining of possession.  So if your team is on D, and gets a takeaway in the corner, you would have to pick up the ball, clear the ball over midfield, get it into the box AND get a shot on cage… all within 60 seconds.  Seems like a tall order, but I’m interested to see it play out.  75 seems a little more realistic, and it won’t diverge quite as far from what we’re used to, but it may be enough time for coaches to sub off d-mids, get O-mids on and then run their sets.  If that is the case, but the game speed still increases, the shot clock will have done its trick.  If it just results in a lot of sloppy shots and easy saves, it will have to be revisited.  Or coaches will just have to adapt.  All are possible outcomes.

The NCAA has been under a lot of fan pressure to add a shot clock in men’s lacrosse, and it’s not without good reason.  As Quint pointed out in his article, it worked in basketball when the game got slow (I still don’t love the bball to lax analogy when you really look at it), and the MLL uses a shot clock and has proven it can keep the game fast-paced.  I’m glad the NCAA is trying the shot clock out, but the idea still has some MAJOR holes that would need to be addressed before it could be added to the overall college game.  I’ll get into that in a bit.

And now my friends, it’s on to Quint Kessenich’s ideas…

For the most part, I like Quint’s take on things.  And he starts off super strong with Fixing the Sticks.  He wants wider heads, with less ball retention.  Someone in the comments brings up the fact that sticks were narrowed because there were too many turnovers.  Good point.  So let’s just find a happy medium, shall we?  Well, I have the definition for you right here!!!  EVERY head has to be at least as wide as the original Brine Edge.  BOOM.  Done.  Quint is right, I’m a genius, time to move on.  It’s offset, narrow enough, wide enough and perfect for any position.

Ryan Powell playing with a Brine Edge back in the day at Cuse

Quint then goes on to both lose me and keep me with his second point: Shot Clock.  I like the idea of a shot clock a little, and LOVE the idea of a 2-point arc.  I don’t love the shot clock by any means, and I don’t know that the game NEEDS a shot clock, but I think it could be a decent idea.  The problem wit the shot clock however is the cost.  Yes, D1 schools can afford to put in shot clocks.  Do can most D2 and D3 Schools.  So can a lot of the bigger MCLA programs.  But not everyone can.  And that isn’t going to help us Grow The Game one bit.  When there are other options out there, choosing a relatively cost heavy option first (in an already expensive sport) just doesn’t add up.

And what happens when you play a game at a high school that doesn’t have shot clocks?  Or on a field that doesn’t have power?  What if one of the shot clocks breaks?  Do the refs just keep the time themselves with a buzzer?  Does every ref now need a 60 second buzzer?  Can coaches then ask the ref how much time is on the shot clock?  Does a team need to hire someone just to run the shotclocks?  Is that person another ref?  There are just SO many unresolved issues around the shot clock, and with the immediate and recurring expenses they incur, more research MUST be done before they are touted as some magical fix to the perceived slowness of the game.  And this issue goes WAY beyond Quint… a lot of people are clamoring for shot clocks, but they might not be thinking it through all the way.

Will a shot clock get you more shots per game? More QUALITY shots per game?

I really like the two point arc idea.  Someone in the IL comments said that it was a bad idea because kids these days just want to rip and won’t learn any of the other skills if the 2-pointer is an option.  Well, if you’re a coach and one of your players takes three 2-pointers which are all popcorn, bench him.  Don’t blame the rules for bad coaching and playing.  Blame the coaches and players, ok?  I’ve played in tourneys with 2 point arcs and it’s awesome.  This one is a matter of opinion on its own, but I happen to like it.

Quint is absolutely right when he says that the 2-point arc is required with a shot clock however.  Teams will pack it in (and not necessarily in a zone) with a shot clock, so a 2-point arc will help pull them out of the shell a bit.  Good complimentary idea right there, QK!

Quint says to get rid of the sideline substitution horn.  I could kiss him for that.  HUGE proponent of this idea.

No February games according to Quint?  Sounds like a plan to me!  March 1st is early enough thank you very much.  Want to play lacrosse in the winter?  Get your school to put down turf after they cut your hockey team and create an NCAA box lacrosse league.  February lacrosse games are uncalled for.

On his next point, Quint and I couldn’t be further apart.  He says, “Tweak Title IX” by taking football out of the equation because it has no female equivalent.  And while this sounds great in theory for a million different reasons (revenue creating sports vs. non-rev sports included), in practice it is engaging in Separate But Equal style policies and is completely unacceptable, and probably unconstitutional.  Men and women are treated the same, but men also get football, and women get… nothing.  That dog won’t hunt.

But there is a solution that involves football and Title IX!!!! Want to hear it?  Probably not, but I’m going to say it anyway!  REDUCE the number of football scholarships by 30.  NO football team in the country needs 85 guys on full scholarship.  That. Is. Ridiculous.  And even with the 30 scholarship reduction, schools would still have FIFTY-FIVE players on full scholarship.  That’s STILL more players than an NFL team has on its game day roster!!!  Now why Quint can see that college lax rosters are inflated as compared to the MLL, but can’t see that college football rosters are inflated when compared to the NFL is beyond me.  Especially when you consider that he is a sideline reporter for college football…  Oh.  Now I get it.

college football sidliine

EVERY player in this photo plus FIFTY more could be on full scholarship. Crazy.

He goes on to say that the College Championship weekend should host everything EXCEPT the National Championship game, which should be held a week later.  This could work, but why break with a great tradition when thing have been going so well already?  This is one of those, “since it’s already working perfectly, why fix it?” scenarios.  He’s being creative, and I love that, but I’m not on board with this idea.  That weekend is magical.  There, I said it.

Enforce cross checks is his next point.  Good call.  That kind of stuff is out of control.  I’m of the belief that they should either a) call it like it’s written or b) just let guys do it and make it legal.  For now, if you don’t like getting crosschecked?  Wear more pads.

Quint wants to bring the freeze rule into lacrosse on face offs.  If you violate, you have to “freeze” until the other player picks up the ball and the ref blows the whistle for play to resume.  I like the idea, but I am against bringing the “freeze” aspect into men’s lacrosse, because it looks silly, and in the end, wouldn’t actually be effective.  Quint’s gripe with the current situation is that a fogo violates, runs off the field and the team with the ball only gets 2-3 seconds of 6 on 5 break.  Good point.  But by having a player freeze, a team gets maybe 4-7 seconds of 6 on 5 break, and coaches are just not willing to take a risk like that most of the time.  So Quint’s proposed change simply is not drastic enough.

Here’s how the rule should look: If there is a violation on the face off, the player who caused the infraction must get off the field immediately.  A replacement player is not allowed on the field until 15 seconds have passed from play being resumed by the ref’s whistle.  15 second man up starting from midfield for face off violations.  Meaningful, practice-able, consistent and enforceable.  I’m on a roll today.

Quint’s next point is NO recruiting sophomores.  I’m on board 100%.  Kids should have TWO years of HS under their belt before they start getting recruited for college. The current set up only creates a more competitive and hostile recruiting environment where academic priorities are more easily lost.

Improve the NCAA selection process for the tournament is up next.  I like it!!  But I’d also like more transparency about Super PACs, and the BCS.  Let’s put this on a wish list.

His final idea is a High School National Championship.  A bunch of state champs from the hot bed states and then 4 “outsiders”.  Personally, I think a regional play off FIRST and then a National Tournament would be better.  EVERY state that offers the sport gets to enter a team… You want to represent New York?  Well then beat the Class A and B champs too.  Then you’re the champ of NY.   This is Grow The Game 101.  I don’t want to see West Islip playing Farmingdale for the National Championship, even if they were hypothetically the two best teams in the country.  Each state gets one Champ.  Kids from NY and MD don’t need to be babied here.  They can duke it out for state supremacy like everyone else.  Let’s be fair and promote the sport to new areas as well, okay?

Overall, I think that both the NCAA and Quint have some solid ideas on how to change some rules, improve the game, and keep things interesting, skilled, intelligent, athletic AND fast-paced.  Big time fist bump to Quint for sharing with the world, and a high five to the NCAA for experimenting, letting people know they’re experimenting, and seeing what comes of it.  I’ve got my tweaks to their ideas, and I’m sure you have your tweaks to all of our ideas… so let’s hear them!!!!

About the author

Connor Wilson

Connor is the Publisher of He lives in Brooklyn with his better half, continues to play and coach both box and field lacrosse in NYC as much as possible, and covers the great game that is lacrosse full-time. He spends his spare time stringing sticks and watching Futurama.


  • 1) Horn substitutions only.  Nothing on the fly or non-horn out of bounds situations.
    I hate this, so, so much.  By having this you are eliminating specialty positions like LSM and FOS.  I get that people want to have middies playing both offense and defense, but when you have a dominate FOS, you want to pull him off as often as possible to keep him fresh.  And the LSM position will die, or a coach will have to make sure that player is also an offensive threat.
    2) 20 seconds over half field to clear, 10 seconds to get into the box. Instead of 30 seconds to clear AND get it in the box.
    So they didn’t like how something worked last year so they are going back to something from two years ago?  Sounds about right.
    3) When a team is given the stall warning, a 30 second shot clock begins.
    I actually like this, however there will be a lot of irritated coaches when they have a 30 second count that only the referee knows
    4) Any violating player on a face off must leave the field, creating more 3 on 2 situations.
    This is going to be a big problem at the club level.  Not the rule, but how well officials adapt to it.  At the NCAA level it should be fine though.  Like this one as well.
    5) Defensive teams don’t have to start with the ball outside the box on the clear.  It is now a quick restart from the point of the foul.
    Why not offense too?

      •  oh come on… the old Edge wasn’t that bad!  You could still get a great pocket going in one if you knew what you were doing (or could string traditional!)!!!

        I actually wouldn’t mind seeing the offense get the ball wherever the turnover resulting infraction occured.  It’s like a direct free kick in soccer!  Plus it rarely happens, so it could be cool to see once in a while.

        • Yeah, the last thing we need to do it hate on the Edge, I mean they are the most durable head ever made.  Just last weekend I had to let a pole use my old Edge+ (yes, an Edge Plus) from high school because his head broke, and he did fine with it.

        • What happens when the defense pushes an attackman into the crease directly in front of the goal when the goalie makes a save? Ball goes back to the offense for the push. If you restart at the point of the foul, and he gets his five yard cushion, he now stands before an open net.

          •  goalie has to stand on his goal line like in a pk for soccer. everyone else has to be 5 yards away?  Seems bizarre, but guys probably wouldn’t push in the crease anymore!!! haha.  Could be cool?  Maybe?  It’s like a free throw. haah.

          • Well the rules of lacrosse are most closely tied with those of hockey (on the fly substitutions, man down penalties, sudden-death overtime), and in hockey:
            “A penalty shot is a type of penalty awarded when a team loses a clear scoring opportunity because of a foul committed by an opposing player. A player from the non-offending team is given an attempt to score a goal without opposition from any defending players except the goaltender.”

  • Love the idea of the 2-point arc.  It is great that a two point lead in an MLL game is not enough to secure the win in the final game.  Total Excitement.  Moving the Championship game – absolutely not.  Why fix it if it isn’t broke.  Championship weekend is one of the best ideas our sport has going for it.  

  • Why not switch it to no horns instead of only horns?
    -If you want to speed up the game you need to get fresh people in who can move faster. Horns cause a major slow down of momentum in the game. A way to fix it is making the horn last a certain length, like 10 secs or so. Taking away subing on the fly would cause the game to slow down dramatically and it takes away the specialty players.

    • I am very interested in where you’re going with some of your ideas… would you mind going a little deeper into the following:

      the horn is already pretty short.  maybe 10-15 seconds,  Would limiting it to 10 make a big enough difference?

      how would the game slow down without subbing on the fly?  It might seem obvious, but please spell it out for me!!!

      and lastly, would less specialty players slow the game down?  or speed it up?  why or why not?

      • -Make horns really short then. If a horn is blown in most games it can stop a fast break by the offense by letting the defense get settled. Making them around 5-7 secs can make it short enough to make a sub and not give enough time for the defense to settle, allowing for fast breaks still.

        -Think of how may horns there are a game, only around 15 probably. That number would probably almost triple. That’s a lot of fast breaks that could be stopped. Players will get tried eventually and this will cause every out of bounds to become a horn. That will become a bigger problem by slowing down the game more. Think about tournament games, there are no horns which makes them a fast pace game.

        -For one, I love watching LSMs play offense. It’s exciting and they make the game interesting. Face-offs can be done by any middie. I think that the specialty players themselves don’t have enough effect on the speed of the game to worry about them.

        Food For Thought: I personally think face-offs should be removed. I like the idea of letting the goalie throw the ball from his own crease after a score. It makes the entire team have to play, not just letting a team win a face-off and score over and over while the with scoring teams d-poles just sit and look pretty. This needs to be tried! It could be the solution to the speed of the game problem.

        • As a coach, your last two points make me a little nauseous.  Here is why:
          First, it might be exciting to watch a LSM run offense, but only for like a minute, than it just becomes a regular offense with a lesser-offense player.  And after a while, you wouldn’t have to worry about it because the LSM position would die completely.  Second, a face-off can’t be done by any midfielder.  That’s like saying any pole could run LSM, it’s a completely different positions, that’s why the best ones are only FOS in high school.
          It is something to make subtle tweaks to the game, but to eliminate face-offs would change it all together.  And if a team is so dominate that they can win every face-off and score every time, tell me how this terrible opposing defense is supposed to clear the ball successfully to get it to at least the midfield line every time.

  • What if football scholarship counts were excluded from Title IX altogether?  It’s the only revenue generating sport for universities, including big time college basketball (Duke included).
    The problem with Title IX is that instead of promoting womens’ sports, it limits opportunities for everyone.  There is no single womens’ sport that requires so much depth in their roster.  I think excluding football from the scholarship count would solve the problem, with the justification stemming from football funding the entire athletic dept budget in the first place.

    • Where are you getting your information?  Duke basketball has one of the best profit-margins in college sports.
      How about universities make athletic scholarships academic-performance based.  Stop paying (I believe scholarships are just like a job, perform and you get to keep it) them to be good football players who attend class, and start paying them to be good students who also excel on the field.

  • I’m really tired of them changing the stick rules on us, and they’ve only done it once. Moving from one head to another after years of use (i.e. 2010 Brine Clutch to Warrior Evo Pro X6) is exceptionally traumatic for me. Imagine if they changed the design of the toilet bowl on us all of the sudden. I can’t support either of those ideas.

    • I think there also has to be a consideration for the manufacturers when it comes to changing heads, they just made a bunch of new heads for the 2010 season, it would be unfair to make them do it again.  I think the fact that players are getting better at stringing sticks has more to do with increased ball retention then the shape of the sticks.   

  • With a High School national championship game would need alot of cooperation from high school leagues in regions, as a former Nyc Psal player i know they werent allowed out of confernece games so we couldnt play schools from long island or upstate im sure in other states share the similar problems. Would only hotbed regions be included in choosing who deserves/plays in such a game (Long Island, Maryland etc). Is there a ranking system already in place like in high school basketball or football?

  • Am enjoying thought of all changes except change #1, which could be blended by making 60 sec shot clock once offense touches in box – DEFINITELY like defensive quick restart

  • I like the 30 second rule for after a stall, but I’ll be shocked if the refs need to give a stall warning for a fall game, coaches are going to be more concerned about evaluating players, not protecting a lead.  

    Maybe they will put a few on in situations that do not warrant it just to test out the new rule.  Will the game tapes be available to the public?  I would love to see how this works out.  

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